Glaucoma

Your sight plays a critical role in living a happy, healthy life. However, glaucoma is a reality that many individuals over 60 deal with on a daily basis. It is a disease that damages the eye’s optic nerve, usually when there is an excess buildup of fluid on the front part of the eye. This fluid creates pressure that damages the optic nerve through too much intraocular pressure (IOP). In order to manage glaucoma, IOP levels must be kept low.

There are two major types of glaucoma called primary open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma. Primary open-angle glaucoma is more common, and it happens over time as the eye begins to become less efficient at draining fluid. Think of it like a clogged drain that doesn’t allow water through. This type of glaucoma is painless and doesn’t cause immediate changes to vision.

Angle-closure glaucoma occurs when one’s iris is close to the drainage angle in their eye, so much so that it can end up blocking it. At some points, the angle may be completely blocked, causing pressure to build quickly. This is called an acute attack, and you should seek medical help immediately to ensure you don’t go blind. Signs of acute attacks include suddenly-blurry vision, severe eye pain, headaches, nausea, vomiting, or seeing rainbow-colored halos.

The Detection Process

Ophthalmologists use a comprehensive exam to determine whether or not you have glaucoma. This test includes a visual acuity test, a visual field test, a dilated eye exam, tonometry (measure eye pressure) and pachymetry, which measure your cornea’s thickness.

Current Treatments

There’s no cure for glaucoma, but doctors may recommend medicines, laser trabeculoplasty, which helps the eye drain better, or conventional surgery to help provide relief.

Medical Marijuana and Glaucoma

The connection between glaucoma and medical marijuana dates back to the 1970s. Medical marijuana contains cannabinoids that help lower the IOP pressure by 25 to 30 percent. However, this relief is only temporary and lasts up to a few hours, making it not as ideal for patients who have early to mid-stage glaucoma. With late-stage glaucoma, medical cannabis is ideal because, at this point, it’s less about treating glaucoma and more about treating its symptoms such as pain and nausea.

Herbology Can Help

Developing glaucoma is debilitating, but medical cannabis may be a great way to find some relief. Visit our Herbology Dispensary and talk with one of our professional Patient counselors regarding your health issues.

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